Critical Reasoning Versus Mere Disagreement. Critical Reasoning as a Cooperative Enterprise. Benefits of Critical Reasoning. The Main Techniques of Critical Reasoning. Marking the Parts of Arguments. The Principle of Charitable Interpretation.
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Critical Reasoning Versus Mere Disagreement. Critical Reasoning as a Cooperative Enterprise. Benefits of Critical Reasoning. The Main Techniques of Critical Reasoning. Marking the Parts of Arguments. The Principle of Charitable Interpretation. Patterns of Argument. Identifying Premises and Conclusions in Longer Passages. Understanding Arguments by Identifying Implicit Conclusions. Understanding Arguments by Identifying Implicit Premises.
Adding Both Conclusion and Premises. Moving to Real World Discourse. Simplifying and Paraphrasing. Finding an Argument in a Sea of Words. Reconstructing Arguments with Subordinate Conclusions. When Does the Conclusion Follow from the Premises? Sample Appraisals: Examples of Techniques of Criticism. Truth Tables as a Test for Validity. Testing Validity of Arguments Containing Quantifiers. A Glimpses at Natural Deduction. Persuasiveness: Legitimate and Illegitimate. Types of Persuasive Fallacies.
Emotion and Reason in Argument. When Is an Emotional Appeal Illegitimate? Note on Terminology. The Possibility of Misleading Definition. Kinds of Unclarity: Vagueness and Ambiguity. Interpreting and Evaluating: A Dialogue Process. Argument and Definition. Evaluating Definition-like Premises. Reconstructing Conceptual Theories. A Model for Conceptual Theories. Reconstructing Fragmentary Theories. The Criticism of Conceptual Theories.
Conceptual Clarification and Argument. Two Types of Inductive Arguments. Deductive versus Nondeductive Arguments. Criticizing Arguments that Generalize: Sampling Arguments. Attacking the Premises Disputing the Data. Questioning the Representativeness of the Sample. Pointing to a Shift in the Unit of Analysis.
Challenging the Truth of the Conclusion. Summary of Criticisms. Arguments with Statistical Premises. Criticism of Arguments with Statistical Premises. Review: Types of Inductive Arguments. Causal Generalization. Supporting Causal Arguments. Problems with Generalizing Causal Claims. Arguments from Analogy. Convergent Arguments. Evaluation of Convergent versus Deductive Arguments. Representing Convergent Arguments and Counter-considerations. Criticism of Theories. Review of Techniques for Criticizing Theories.
Leaving It to the Experts. The Dilemma. Coping with the Dilemma. Creating Arguments and Theories in a World of Experts. The Strategy and Its Prospects. Can Information Technology Dissolve the Dilemma? The Contemporary Problem of Knowledge. Answers to Selected Exercises.
Cederblom Dr. Jerry Cederblom serves in The University of Nebraska-Omaha Philosophy Department, teaching courses in moral and political philosophy, epistemology, history of philosophy, critical reasoning, and logic. He received his B. He is co-author of two books?
David Paulsen received a Ph.
An Introduction to Reasoning. Jerry Cederblom University of Nebraska, Omaha. Thanks for telling us about the problem. To ask other readers questions about Critical Reasoningplease sign up.
ISBN 13: 9780495808787