GRAM NYAYALAYA ACT PDF

They are aimed at providing inexpensive justice to people in rural areas at their doorsteps. The Act came into force on October 2, i. It can try criminal cases, civil suits, claims or disputes which are specified in the First Schedule and the Second Schedule to the Gram Nyayalaya Act and the scope of these cases can be amended by the Central as well as the State Governments, as per their respective legislative competence; The Gram Nyayalaya are supposed to try to settle the disputes as far as possible by bringing about conciliation between the parties and for this purpose, it can make use of the appointed conciliators. The judgment and order passed by the Gram Nyayalaya are deemed to be a decree and to avoid delay in its execution, the Gram Nyayalaya can follow summary procedure for its execution. Gram Nyayalaya are courts of Judicial Magistrate of the first class and its presiding officer Nyayadhikari is appointed by the State Government in consultation with the High Court of the State concerned; The Nyayadhikaris who will preside over these Gram Nyayalayas are strictly judicial officers and will be drawing the same salary and deriving the same powers as First Class Magistrates working under High Courts.

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They are aimed at providing inexpensive justice to people in rural areas at their doorsteps. The Act came into force on October 2, i. It can try criminal cases, civil suits, claims or disputes which are specified in the First Schedule and the Second Schedule to the Gram Nyayalaya Act and the scope of these cases can be amended by the Central as well as the State Governments, as per their respective legislative competence; The Gram Nyayalaya are supposed to try to settle the disputes as far as possible by bringing about conciliation between the parties and for this purpose, it can make use of the appointed conciliators.

The judgment and order passed by the Gram Nyayalaya are deemed to be a decree and to avoid delay in its execution, the Gram Nyayalaya can follow summary procedure for its execution. Gram Nyayalaya are courts of Judicial Magistrate of the first class and its presiding officer Nyayadhikari is appointed by the State Government in consultation with the High Court of the State concerned; The Nyayadhikaris who will preside over these Gram Nyayalayas are strictly judicial officers and will be drawing the same salary and deriving the same powers as First Class Magistrates working under High Courts.

The Gram Nyayalaya will not be bound by the rules of evidence provided in the Indian Evidence Act, but shall be guided by the principles of natural justice and subject to any rule made by the High Court; Appeal in criminal cases shall lie to the Court of Session, which shall be heard and disposed of within a period of six months from the date of filing of such appeal.

Appeal in civil cases shall lie to the District Court, which shall be heard and disposed of within a period of six months from the date of filing of the appeal. More than Gram Nyayalayas are expected to be set up under the Act. Around such courts have been set up as on March Gram Nyayalayas Notified till date 1.

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Gram Nyayalayas

Download PDF Equality and justice are indisputably two key facets of the idea of a modern, democratic, and constitution-adhering India. The principles of equality and justice are realized by the State apparatus through the business of administration of justice. To overcome these problems the Law Ministry had set up Gram Nyayalays in with an aim to provide a cost-effective forum at the grass-root level for the poor living in villages to settle legal matters. It was established by the Gram Nyayalayas Act,

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Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008

Why in News? About Gram Nyayalayas: Gram Nyayalayas or village courts are established under the Gram Nyayalayas Act, for speedy and easy access to justice system in the rural areas of India. The Act came into force from 2 October The Gram Nyayalayas are presided over by a Nyayadhikari,who will have the same power, enjoy same salary and benefits of a Judicial Magistrate of First Class. Such Nyayadhikari are to be appointed by the State Government in consultation with the respective High Court.

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Free for one month and pay only if you like it. This section provides for a special procedure in civil disputes. Sub-section 1 provides that notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force, every suit, claim or dispute under the proposed legislation shall be instituted by making an application to the Gram Nyayalaya in such form, in such manner, and accompanied by such fee, not exceeding rupees one hundred, as may be prescribed by the High Court, from time to time, in consultation with the State Government. Sub-section 2 provides that where a suit, claim or dispute has been duly instituted, a summons shall be issued by the Gram Nyayalaya, accompanied by a copy of the application made under sub-section 1 , to the opposite party to appear and answer the claim by such date as may be specified therein and the same shall be served in such manner as may be prescribed by the High Court. Sub-section 3 provides that after the opposite party files his written statement, the Gram Nyayalaya shall fix a date for hearing and inform all the parties to be present in person or through their advocates. Sub-section 4 provides that on the date fixed for hearing the Gram Nyayalaya shall hear both the parties in regard to their respective contentions and where the dispute does not require recording of any evidence, pronounce the judgment; and in case where it requires recording of evidence, the Gram Nyayalaya shall proceed further. Sub-section 5 provides that the Gram Nyayalaya shall also have the power, a to dismiss any case for default or to proceed ex parte; and b to set aside any such order of dismissal for default or any order passed by it for hearing the case ex parte.

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