Stand close by as a precaution in order to stop the person from falling over and hurting himself or herself. Watch the movement of the body in relation to a perpendicular object behind the subject corner of the room, door, window etc. A positive sign is noted when a swaying, sometimes irregular swaying and even toppling over occurs. The essential feature is that the patient becomes more unsteady with eyes closed. The essential features of the test are as follows: the subject stands with feet together, eyes open and hands by the sides.
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It is also used in causes of disequilibrium associated with head trauma and vertigo central and peripheral. The use of this test can be traced back to about years from now. This test was brought into use by Romberg in and was further developed by Rogers in the year It is used in determining cases associated with cerebellar disturbances.
It can be carried out without using any equipment and thus it can be used for large scale deployment. Other variants of this test are often used for measuring sobriety. He or she is asked to keep his arms next to his body or hold them crossed in front of his body.
Step 2: The patient is then asked to keep his eyes open and subsequently asked to close his eyes and observed if he or she is able to maintain his balance.
It advised that the physician or the observer should stand close to the patient as a safety measure and prevent any physical injury to the patient in case he falls. Once the patient closes his eye, he or she should not get distracted by light, sound or other senses as this can give false positive outcome. Step 3: The scoring is done based on the number of seconds the patients is able to stand with his or her eyes closed without losing balance. In some cases, the physician may use perturbation to distract the patient; however, this should be done with caution and without exaggeration.
The Romberg test is considered to be positive when the subject is unable to stand for long with eyes closed as demonstrated by losing of balance leading to swaying of the body and placement of one foot in direction of fall or complete fall of the patient. It may be characterized by ability to stand upright with eyes open and minimal swaying. When Romberg test is positive, it indicates ataxia due to dorsal column disease and impaired proprioception.
Teste de Romberg: análise do equilíbrio corporal
O que é um teste de Romberg e o que pode causar um teste positivo de Romberg?