LICKLIDER MAN-COMPUTER SYMBIOSIS PDF

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Biography[ edit ] Licklider was born on March 11, , in St. Louis, Missouri , United States. Louis , where he received a B. He received a Ph. Thereafter, he worked at Harvard University as a research fellow and lecturer in the Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory from to He became interested in information technology , and moved to MIT in as an associate professor, where he served on a committee that established MIT Lincoln Laboratory and a psychology program for engineering students.

Taylor Award from the Society of Engineering Psychologists. During this period, he concurrently served as director of Project MAC until Project MAC had produced the first computer time-sharing system, CTSS , and one of the first online setups with the development of Multics work on which commenced in Multics provided inspiration for some elements of the Unix operating system developed at Bell Labs by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie in He was a founder member of Infocom in , known for their interactive fiction computer games.

He died in in Arlington, Massachusetts ; [10] his cremated remains are interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery. Psychoacoustics[ edit ] In the psychoacoustics field, Licklider is most remembered for his "Duplex Theory of Pitch Perception", presented in a paper [19] that has been cited hundreds of times, [20] was reprinted in a book, [21] and formed the basis for modern models of pitch perception.

The SAGE system included computers that collected and presented data to a human operator, who then chose the appropriate response. His ideas foretold of graphical computing, point-and-click interfaces, digital libraries, e-commerce, online banking, and software that would exist on a network and migrate wherever it was needed. He foresaw the need for networked computers with easy user interfaces. Licklider was instrumental in conceiving, funding and managing the research that led to modern personal computers and the Internet.

In his seminal paper on " Man-Computer Symbiosis " [25] foreshadowed interactive computing, and he went on to fund early efforts in time-sharing and application development, most notably the work of Douglas Engelbart , who founded the Augmentation Research Center at Stanford Research Institute and created the famous On-Line System where the computer mouse was invented.

He also did some seminal early work for the Council on Library Resources, imagining what libraries of the future might look like, [26] which he had described as "thinking centers" in his paper.

As he wrote in that article: "Men will set the goals, formulate the hypotheses, determine the criteria, and perform the evaluations.

Computing machines will do the routinizable work that must be done to prepare the way for insights and decisions in technical and scientific thinking". A large mainframe computer was designed to be shared by up to 30 simultaneous users, each sitting at a separate "typewriter terminal". Global computer network[ edit ] Licklider played a similar role in conceiving of and funding early networking research.

He formulated the earliest ideas of a global computer network in August at BBN, in a series of memos discussing the " Intergalactic Computer Network " concept. These ideas contained almost everything that the Internet is today, including cloud computing. Roberts that an all-encompassing computer network was a very important concept.

He met with Donald Davies in and inspired his interest in data communications. Instead, Licklider advocates a two-way communications network. Thesis University of Rochester Articles, a selection: Advanced Research Projects Agency, April 23, In: International Science and Technology May

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Man-Computer Symbiosis

Resources and Help Man-Computer Symbiosis Abstract: Man-computer symbiosis is an expected development in cooperative interaction between men and electronic computers. It will involve very close coupling between the human and the electronic members of the partnership. The main aims are 1 to let computers facilitate formulative thinking as they now facilitate the solution of formulated problems, and 2 to enable men and computers to cooperate in making decisions and controlling complex situations without inflexible dependence on predetermined programs. In the anticipated symbiotic partnership, men will set the goals, formulate the hypotheses, determine the criteria, and perform the evaluations. Computing machines will do the routinizable work that must be done to prepare the way for insights and decisions in technical and scientific thinking.

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1 Introduction

Biography[ edit ] Licklider was born on March 11, , in St. Louis, Missouri , United States. Louis , where he received a B. He received a Ph. Thereafter, he worked at Harvard University as a research fellow and lecturer in the Psycho-Acoustic Laboratory from to He became interested in information technology , and moved to MIT in as an associate professor, where he served on a committee that established MIT Lincoln Laboratory and a psychology program for engineering students. Taylor Award from the Society of Engineering Psychologists.

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